What is Fixed Appliance Testing?
Fixed Appliance Testing (FAT Testing) is the testing of any electrical equipment that is permanently wired into your electrical system. They cannot be moved around like portable appliances and they often weigh 18kg or above, though some are lighter e.g. hand dryers. Other examples of fixed appliances include ovens and heaters.
What does Fixed Appliance Testing involve?
FAT Testing involves a check of the appliance to see if there’s any damage that is visible. The wiring of the appliance is also checked to see if any of it is frayed and a potential risk. Once that is complete, the earthing and the insulation of the appliance is tested. Finally, the functionality of the appliance is tested.
Is FAT Testing necessary?
Yes, just as PAT Testing is required to ensure that all of your portable electronic equipment is in full working order and safe to use. FAT Testing does the same for your larger appliances. After testing is completed, we will fill out an Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR) which details what was tested and the condition of the appliances.
Is an EICR a legal requirement?
All fixed electrical wiring deteriorates with time, meaning that you will need to regularly test your entire electrical distribution system to ensure its full safety and compliance, not only to stay within current regulations, but to keep your staff and visitors safe. The specialists that we work with are UKAS accredited. They will ensure that all work carried out complies with both the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974, the Electricity at Work Regulations 1989, and the IEE Wiring Regulation BS 7671. The Electricity at Work Regulations 1989 state that any electrical equipment that has the potential to cause injury or harm must be maintained and kept in a safe condition.
How long does an EICR remain valid?
It depends on the business, it is usually between 1-5 years with some exceptions. The EICR validity times are as follows for several business types:
Commercial/Retail – 5 years
Industrial – 3 years
Hospitals with Theatre – 1 year
Leisure – 1 year
Construction – 3 months
Education – 5 years
Cinema – 1 year
Laboratories - 5 years
Religious Institutions - 5 years
Restaurants - 5 years
Hotels - 5 years
Theatre - 3 years
Fuel Filling Stations - 1 year
Laundrette - 1 year
Community Centres - 5 years